According to data from the World Health Organization, the heart attack or heart attack affects about 25 million people worldwide every year, and is the cause of more than 45% of deaths, which makes it a dangerous scourge. In fact, myocardial infarction is the leading cause of death in the world.
For this reason, it is necessary to prevent the infarction and be prepared in case it occurs. The good news is that this threat is simple enough to keep at bay. Now let’s see what we can do to keep our heart healthy and how we can recognize the symptoms of myocardial infarction.
What is heart attack?
Myocardial infarction consists of blocking the flow of blood to the heart, caused by total obstruction of a blood vessel of the heart or coronary artery. This block prevents the blood from reaching a section of the heart, causing death of the heart muscle. The interruption of the blood flow occurs due to an accumulation of fat, called “plaque”, which is formed inside the walls of the coronary arteries, by clots or coronary spasms.
The solution is a healthy lifestyle
The most effective way to prevent heart attack is to summarize or change a set of habits in different areas of our lives, trying to satisfy our nutritional, physical, emotional and spiritual needs.
• Diet is essential, our heart will thank us if we regularly consume vegetables and fruit, especially some walnut or almond, garlic, onion, ginger, dark chocolate and one or two glasses of wine a day. In the same way, it is necessary to limit the consumption of flour, carbohydrates and sugars to the maximum. Fatty fish such as salmon, sardine and tuna bring great benefits to this important organ.
• Exercise regularly protects our heart from the risk of heart attack. Any activity that increases the heart rate for at least 20 minutes three times a day, such as walking, gardening or dancing, has a strong beneficial effect.
• Also health and emotional balance are fundamental, for this we must make sure to establish healthy interpersonal relationships, develop a balanced self-esteem, as well as open ourselves to our emotions, accepting and expressing them without judging or harming others.
• Another precious resource is to develop spirituality in order to find a connection with the transcendent. Practices such as meditation, prayer and yoga have been shown to have a high success rate in the palliative prevention and care process.
• Even regular sexual activity, within a balanced and monogamous relationship, reduces the risk of heart attack, since it involves exercise that reduces stress, strengthening the emotional ties with the partner.
• Getting rid of the smoking habit is another great help against heart attack.
How to recognize the symptoms of heart attack
In general, the heart attack manifests with sudden and intense pain in the chest, perceived as a feeling of pressure on the chest, lasting more than five minutes. The pain can then expand to the arm, shoulder, jaw, neck or back. Other symptoms are dizziness, cold sweat, shortness of breath (dyspnoea), confusion, sweating, loss of consciousness, nausea or illness as indigestion.
In women the symptoms may be different; they can complain burning in the upper part of the abdomen, dizziness, sweating and an upset stomach. Since women do not always experience the classic pain in the left side of the chest, they may overlook the hypothesis of a heart attack. For this reason, ie the diversity of symptoms in both sexes, in case of doubt and especially if there were any precedents or risk factors, you should consult your doctor immediately; be accompanied by a family member, do not drive you to go to the doctor, because it is very dangerous to do it in case of a heart attack.
Keeping our hearts healthy means loving us and taking better care of ourselves, through a lifestyle that is a source of well-being.